Human Rights. What exactly does one mean by Human Rights?
Human Rights are those fundamental rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status.
These rights are universal and inalienable, in a sense that it should not be taken away, except in specific circumstances after having been accorded due process. These rights are also interdependent and indivisible from each other.
Whether civil or political in nature, individual or collective, the promotion of one right is believed to facilitate similar improvement of the others. Its principle is also to be equal and non-discriminatory in nature.
Present in all major human rights treaties as a central theme, it exists as Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”
In the same manner, Human Rights entail an obligation of States to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights; and at the individual level, to respect the human rights of others.
Many of the core ideas that drove the human rights movement surfaced at the end of the Second World War, resulting in the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948.
Today, it is expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law.